Soyuz 5



Starting Cosmonaut

Landing Cosmonaut


Boris Volynov

First spaceflight

Flight Engineer

Aleksei Yeliseyev

First spaceflight


Research Engineer

Yevgeny Khrunov

First spaceflight


Backup crew


Starting Cosmonaut

Landing Cosmonaut


Anatoli Filipchenko

Flight Engineer

Viktor Gorbatko


Research Engineer

Valeri Kubasov


Reserve crew


Starting Cosmonaut

Landing Cosmonaut


Anatoli Kuklin

Flight Engineer

Vladislav Volkov


Research Engineer

Pyotr Kolodin


Mission parameters

Mass: 6,585kg (14,520lb)

Perigee: 196km (122mi)

Apogee: 212km (132mi)

Inclination: 51.7

Period: 88.6 minutes

Space walk

Yeliseyev and Khrunov – Avoi 1

Avoi 1 Start: The month of january 16, 1969

Avoi 1 Finish: The month of january 16, 01:15 UTC

Duration: 37 minutes

Mission highlights

Soyuz 5 was piloted by Commander Boris Volynov and transported flight engineers Aleksei Yeliseyev and Yevgeny Khrunov as crew to become moved towards the Soyuz 4 for reentry. The mission plan contained scientific, technical, and medical-biological research, testing of spacecraft systems and style elements, docking of piloted spacecraft, and change in cosmonauts in one craft to a different in orbit.

Volynov continued to be behind on Soyuz 5, and came back to Earth inside a amazing re-entry. The service module from the Soyuz unsuccessful to split up after retrofire, but with that point it had been past too far to abort. Although this had happened on various Vostok and Voskhod plane tickets, it had been an infinitely more serious issue for Volynov, because the Soyuz service module was much bigger compared to small retropack the sooner automobiles employed.

Once the Soyuz began aerobraking within the upper reaches from the atmosphere, the combined spacecraft searched for probably the most aerodynamically stable position – nose forward, using the heavy descent module facing into the air stream with only its light metal entry hatch in front to safeguard it. The gaskets sealing the hatch started to lose, filling the compartment with harmful fumes. The deceleration, while normal for reentry, drawn Volynov outward against his harness instead of from the padded chair. Fortunately, because the thermal and aerodynamic stresses around the combined craft elevated, struts between your descent and repair modules broke or burned through prior to the hatch unsuccessful. The descent module immediately righted itself when the service module vanished, using the warmth shield forward to accept brunt of re-entry.

There is the last problem available for Volynov once the parachute cables partly twisted and also the soft-landing rockets unsuccessful, producing a hard impact which broke his teeth. The capsule came lower within the Ural Mountain tops 2kilometres (1.2mi) southwest of Kustani, near Orenburg, Russia, far lacking its target landing site in Kazakhstan. The neighborhood temperature was 38C (36.4F), and understanding that it might be many hrs before save teams could achieve him, Volynov abandoned the capsule and walked for many kilometers to locate shelter in a local peasant’s house. It might be seven years until Volynov travelled again, on Soyuz 21.

An identical incident happened decades later with Soyuz TMA-11, although the latter’s landing wasn’t as rough.

Avoi particulars

The mission had Avoi objectives much like individuals planned for Apollo 9. Soyuz 4 released first, called the active vehicle within the docking with Soyuz 5. This news agency TASS mentioned that: “there is a mutual mechanical coupling from the ships . . . as well as their electrical circuits were connected. Thus, the planet first experimental cosmic station with four compartments for that crew was put together and started functioning.”

Moscow TV transported the cosmonauts’ Avoi formulations live. Khrunov and Yeliseyev placed on their Yastreb (“hawk”) suits within the Soyuz 5 orbital module with the help of Commander Boris Volynov. Yastreb suit design commenced in 1965, soon after Alexei Leonov’s difficult Avoi. Leonov offered as consultant for that design process, that was complete throughout 1966. Suit fabrication and testing happened in 1967, however the Soyuz 1 accident in April of this year and Soyuz docking difficulties around the Soyuz 2 and Soyuz 3 missions postponed their use within space until Soyuz 4-Soyuz 5. To avoid the suit ballooning, Yastreb used a lever-and-cable articulation system. Wide metal rings round the grey nylon material canvas undersuit’s arms offered as anchors for that torso articulation system. Yastreb were built with a restorative healing existence support system inside a rectangular whitened metal box put on the chest area and abdomen to facilitate movement through Soyuz hatchways.

Volynov examined Khrunov and Yeliseyev existence support and communications systems before coming back towards the descent module, sealing the hatch, and depressurizing the orbital module. Khrunov went first, moving towards the Soyuz 4 orbital module as the docked spacecraft lost of radio connection with the Ussr over South Usa. Yeliseyev moved as the spacecraft were within the Ussr. They closed the Soyuz 4 orbital module hatch in it, then Soyuz 4 Commander Vladimir Shatalov repressurized the orbital module and joined to assist Khrunov and Yeliseyev get free from their suits. The spacewalkers shipped newspapers, letters, and telegrams printed after Shatalov lifted off and away to help prove the transfer happened. Soyuz 4 and 5 separated for only 4 h 35 min together.

See also

Extra-vehicular activity

Listing of spacewalks

Soviet moonshot

Exterior links

– Encyclopedia Astronautica on Soyuz 5


^ “Baikonur LC1”. Encyclopedia Astronautica. . Retrieved 2009-03-04.


Soviet Moon-landing (N1-L3) and Moon-flyby (UR500K-L1) manned space programs

Soyuz docking tests

Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2, Soyuz 3, Soyuz 4, Soyuz 5, Soyuz 6, Soyuz 7, Soyuz 8

Zond (Soyuz 7K-L1) Lunar flyby missions

Kosmos 146, Kosmos 154, Zond 1967A, Zond 1967B, Zond 4, Zond 1968A, Zond 1968B, Zond 5, Zond 6, Zond 1969A, Zond L1S-1, Zond L1S-2, Zond 7, Zond 8, Zond 9, Zond 10

LK Lander (T2K) test missions

Kosmos 379, Kosmos 398, Kosmos 434


N1 rocket, Proton rocket, Zond (Soyuz 7K-L1), L3: LOK (Soyuz 7K-L3) LK Lander, Block D


Soyuz programme

Soyuz 7K-OK (19661971)

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Soyuz 7K-OKS (1971)

10 11

Soyuz 7K-T (19731981)

12 13 14 15 17 18a 18 21 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Soyuz 7K-TM (19741976)

16 19 22

Soyuz-T (19761986)

T-2 T-3 T-4 T-5 T-6 T-7 T-8 T-9 T-10-1 T-10 T-11 T-12 T-13 T-14 T-15

Soyuz-TM (19862003)

TM-2 TM-3 TM-4 TM-5 TM-6 TM-7 TM-8 TM-9 TM-10 TM-11 TM-12 TM-13 TM-14 TM-15 TM-16 TM-17 TM-18 TM-19 TM-20 TM-21 TM-22 TM-23 TM-24 TM-25 TM-26 TM-27 TM-28 TM-29 TM-30 TM-31 TM-32 TM-33 TM-34

Soyuz-TMA (2003)

TMA-1 TMA-2 TMA-3 TMA-4 TMA-5 TMA-6 TMA-7 TMA-8 TMA-9 TMA-10 TMA-11 TMA-12 TMA-13 TMA-14 TMA-15


TMA-16 TMA-17


TMA-18 TMA-19 TMA-01M TMA-20 TMA-21 TMA-02M TMA-22 TMA-03M TMA-04M TMA-05M


Kosmos 133 Kosmos 140 Kosmos 186 Kosmos 188 Kosmos 212 Kosmos 213 Kosmos 238 Soyuz 2 Kosmos 379 Kosmos 396 Kosmos 398 Kosmos 434 Kosmos 496 Kosmos 573 Kosmos 613 Kosmos 638 Kosmos 656 Kosmos 670 Kosmos 672 Kosmos 772 Soyuz 20 Kosmos 869 Kosmos 1001 Kosmos 1074 Soyuz T-1 Soyuz TM-1

Groups: Manned Soyuz missions

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